As we have a tendency to all understand “Water is life “and life on earth is connected to water. Our existence depends on water, or the shortage of it, in some ways in which, and one might say that our whole civilization is created on use of water. Humans square measure storing and distributing water for many years. Before, once individuals lived as hunters/ collectors, watercourse water was applied for drinkable functions. Once individuals for good stayed in one place for associate extended amount of a minute, this was sometimes close to a watercourse or lake, once there are no rivers or lakes throughout an awfully neighborhood, individuals used groundwater for drinkable functions. This was wired up through wells.
When the human population started growing extensively, the water system wasn’t spare, water required to be extracted from a special supply. Romans And Greeks began to develop drinkable transport systems. The transport happened through easy channels, mamma among the sand or in rocks, after one conjointly started victimization hollow tubes. Mountain water was the foremost common quite water, as a result of its quality. For water transport the aqueduct’s where designed. Through these aqueduct’s water was transported for tens of miles.
China and Japan used trunks of bamboo and Egypt used hollowed palm trees. Eventually one started victimization clay, wood and even metal.
Around 3000 B.C., town of Mohenjo-Daro (Pakistan) used an awfully comprehensive water system, throughout this city there square measure public bathing facilities with water boiler installations and lavatories.
Mohenjo-Daro has been known as the “city of wells.” Mark Kenoyer writes: “On the thought of the amount of wells found among the excavated areas, Michael Jansen has calculated that the city could have had over 700 wells. At Harappa associate out sized depression among the middle of the city could represent associate out sized tank or reservoir accessible to the inhabitants from all the varied neighborhoods. The case of Dholavira has solely several of wells, however most water for the city was collected throughout the season in massive stone cisterns”